The dangers in making prospective migrant workers to sign work contracts before training to fully get oriented of what they are told to sign, in order to match up with recommended working standards.* by Kayonde Abdallah.
1. Exploitation: Prospective migrant workers may end up being exploited due to the lack of knowledge of the work conditions and their rights since they don't concentrate in training due to the already an assured signed contract a must go whether passed the skilling or not or fully oriented or not!.
2. Forced labor: The workers may be forced to be exposed to work under deplorable conditions after signing the contract, with little or no chance of turning down the job offer.
3. Unfair wages: The workers may accept to be paid inadequate wages, or not be paid at all, as some employers take advantage of their lack of good work standards and knowledge about the labor laws.
4. Unreasonable working hours: Prospective migrant workers may be made to work excessively long hours, without proper breaks, which can lead to physical and mental health problems brought about by lack of proper orientation.
5. Discrimination: The workers may be discriminated against based on their race, religion, language, or gender due to poor orientation on cultural norms, language and behaviours of the receiving country.
6. Lack of safety and security: The workers may be exposed to hazardous working conditions, with little or no safety measures in place all resulting from failure to have concentrated during training since she had an assured signed contract.
7. Violation of legal rights: The contracts may be designed to bypass legal requirements, such as insurance, leave entitlements, and social security payments.
8. Human trafficking and poaching in contracts: ( abatolosi) Prospective migrant workers may be lured into running out of contracts by receiving country traffickers/ poachers who promise them high-paying jobs, only to be sold into forced labor or prostitution simply because they were not fully orientated to commit before leaving the country. They were only excited to go.
9. Health hazards: Workers may be exposed to health hazards, such as toxic chemicals, without being informed of the risks involved.( crolex incidents among domestic workers)
10. Loss of freedom: Prospective migrant workers may be deprived of their freedom of movement, as some employers confiscate their passports and restrict their movements when they tend to ask them their passports and try other options after being delayed by the home clearnce system.
To prevent these risks, it is essential that employers provide training and orientation to prospective migrant workers before signing the contract. This should include information about their rights, the labor laws, the work conditions, and the risks involved. The workers should also be given the opportunity to ask questions and clarify any doubts they may have. Moreover, the contracts should be reviewed by a legal expert to ensure that they comply with the legal requirements and are not exploitative. Finally, a monitoring mechanism should be established to ensure that the work conditions are safe, fair, and just.